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Kristin Hokanson


Discussion: What are our students being taught about the following:
  • Plagiarism
  • Copyright
  • Fair Use
  • Creative Commons


Discussion: Is plagariasm being legitimized by the Google-generation, IF SO, how do we begin to develop a broader ethical sense about the ownership of things and ideas? SweetSearch is A Search Engine for Students. It searches only credible Web sites approved by Internet research experts.


Replace old knowledge about Copyright with accurate information

Examine Range of Comfort with use of Copyrighted Material
  • Hyper Compliance with established "guidelines"
  • Exclusive use of Creative Commons
  • Using Codes of Best Practice

Learning how to exercise Fair Use Reasoning through Critical Thinking

Fair Use

Fair use is not an infringement of copyright. Section 107, The Fair Use Doctrine of the Copyright Act of 1976 sets out four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair:
1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes
2. The nature of the copyrighted work
3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work
This includes reproduction in copies for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, and research.

Fair Use Reasoning

Let's take a look at some scenarios and work through the process



After working through the process, please complete this FEEDBACK FORM to share your understanding and comfort level with sharing information about copyright and the fair use reasoning process.

Other Student Samples

To post or not to post...Read this great thought provoking article and analyze the following videos

What do you do if you are asked to take down?

Creative Commons

So I am not quite yet ready to exercise my fair use muscles with Copyright Materials...are there other things I can use to go through the process??

My Fab 5

A site that searches Creative Commons images from Flickr. It randomly chooses a different word to display images each time you visit and displays a large selection in one view.
Flickr Storm
Allows you to create a tray of images to use in projects.
Library of Congress on Flickr
Flickr is the world's largest user created database of photos. Many libraries and museums now host photos for use on Flickr. Please check copyright information and consider fair use guidelines when choosing images from Flickr.
Browse through the categories of our huge gallery containing over 350.000 quality stock photos by more than 30.000 photographers. Recently acquired by Getty Images this has become the world's best free stock site.
Pix for Learning
This site contains a searchable collection of images that can be searched and each image contains a bibliographic citation. This is user created so please check the citation before posting

More cc Resources

EVEN MORE Resources

The Bottom Line

Regardless of whether you are using copyright material
or the Creative order to strengthen the
fair use muscles, you must use the reasoning process

Other Resources

Videos & Excerpts
Video Overview
User's Rights Video